Medium Trees requiring 25-30 feet spacing (shade producing trees)
Avocado (Persea americana)—Avocados require very well draining soil and are represented in Hawaii by various clones which mature their fruits during different seasons. Having avocado varieties from both flower types, A and B, would compliment one another by cross pollinating each other. Various selected varieties may be top worked onto a single tree to provide the home gardener with fruits throughout the year. Some of the recommended home garden varieties are listed below.
Hulumanu is a good summer bearing avocado. It has oblong shaped green fruits. Type A flower.
Malama is a high quality cultivar developed by the University of Hawaii. The fall ripening, pyriform purple fruits are thick fleshed with rich and nutty flavor. Type B.
Nishikawa is a 12-18 oz. green pyriform shaped fruit. It bears very rich and nutty flavored fruits in winter. Type B.
San Miguel is a high quality fall bearing avocado. The fruits are pyriform shaped and purple when mature. Type A.
Black Sapote (Diospyros digyna)—The black sapote is a relative of the persimmon from Mexico. The handsome evergreen trees with shiny dark green leaves are wind resistant. The slightly sweet, chocolate flavored, black or dark brown flesh within the round, green skinned fruit is eaten fresh or used in making ice cream, mousses, cakes, and preserves. Fruits are excellent sources of vitamin C, calcium, and phosphorus. When mixed with Cool Whip, it tastes like chocolate mousse. Bernecker has large fruits and Cuevas is a seedless variety.
Jakfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus)—The jacfruit is an attractive, wind resistant tree from India that bears large green fruits directly from its main branches and trunk. The yellow, orange, or pink flesh within the ripe fruits from selected varieties is sweet and juicy with a crisp texture and pleasant aroma. Boiled immature fruits are commonly used as a vegetable in Southeast Asia, tasting somewhat like artichoke hearts. NS1, Zieman, Singapore are precocious bearing varieties with smaller fruits. The Jakfruit x Chempedak hybrid is a Malaysian selection with sweet, thick, soft arils that are easily detached from the fruit like chempedak.
Maprang (Bouea macrophylla)—This mango relative from Thailand is a small slow growing tree. The Mayong Chid and Kai, cultivars from Thailand, have 3 inch yellow fruits that taste like a combination of plum and mango. It prefers some wind protection and better drainage.
Mammee Apple (Mammea americana)—The mammee apple, a relative of the mangosteen, is an attractive fruit tree from tropical America with thick, glossy, green leaves. The round, brown skinned fruit has a yellow-orange, firm textured flesh with an apricot-mango flavor. Fruits can be eaten fresh, stewed, or made into preserves. The fruits are preceded by attractive, white, fragrant flowers. Waimanalo is a selection with large, good quality fruits. Trees need some wind protection, but are adaptable to various soils and climates in Hawaii.
Rambutan (Nephilium lappaceum)—The rambutan is a lychee relative grown commercially in many parts of Southeast Asia for its sweet, mildly subacid, refreshing fruits. The skin of the fruit is covered with soft spines ranging in color from red, pink, or yellow. Many cultivars from Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines have been introduced and are fruiting in Hawaii. The rambutan requires a moist, humid, wind protected, and well draining area to be grown successfully in Hawaii.
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota)—The sapodilla is a beautiful ornamental tree, grown for its delicious, sweet fruits tasting somewhat like pears sprinkled with brown sugar and cinnamon. The trees are very adaptable to various soils and climates here in Hawaii, being tolerant to drought, coral soils, and are very wind resistant. The trees also retain much of their leaves throughout the year and have a non aggressive root system. The Alano is a Frankie’s Nursery selection which originated as a seedling of the Philippine variety Ponderosa. The self fertile, productive trees produce large, very sweet, fine textured fruits. Some good imported varieties are the Makok and Gonzalez.
Wax jambu (Syzygium samarangense)—This mountain apple relative grows in more adverse conditions than the mountain apple. It can grow in windy, dry areas as well as wet, protected areas. The cultivars are very productive with sweet, crisp fruits that come in various colors, red, pink, white, or green.